Skripal'shchikova L. N., Dneprovskii I. A., Stasova V. V., Plyashechnik M. A., Greshilova N. V., Kalugina O. V. Morphological and Anatomical Characteristics of Scots Pine Needles under Industrial Pollution Impact of Krasnoyarsk City
How to cite: Skripal'shchikova L. N.1, Dneprovskii I. A.1, Stasova V. V.1, Plyashechnik M. A.1, Greshilova N. V.2, Kalugina O. V.3 Morphological and anatomical characteristics of Scots pine needles under industrial pollution impact of Krasnoyarsk city // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zhurnal (Siberian Journal of Forest Science). 2016. N. 3: 46–56 (in Russian with English abstract).
© Skripal'shchikova L. N., Dneprovskii I. A., Stasova V. V., Plyashechnik M. A., Greshilova N. V., Kalugina O. V., 2016
The changes of morphological and anatomical characteristics of Scots pine needles as well as their fluctuating asymmetry (FA) were studied in pine stands under the influence of industrial emissions of Krasnoyarsk. Observations were made in forest-steppe zone on windward pine forest edges in the conditions of long-term anthropogenic effect. Background site was pine stand 100 km from the city outside the direction of wind pollution. The investigations were carried out in 2013–2014 in pure pine stands of grass type, V–VI class of age. For every model tree the needle lengths in pairs were measured, as well as the cross sectional area of needle, area of central cylinder and conducting bindles areas and the number of resin canals. Indices of fluctuating asymmetry were calculated by method of Palmer and Strobeck (1986). The content of copper, nickel, zinc, cobalt, aluminum, cadmium, lead, fluorine and sulfur were analyzed in needle samples in parallel. The dimensions of needles and its internal structure elements showed the tendency to decrease under the influence of urban industrial emissions in comparison with background sites. On the other hand, there were adaptations of morphological and anatomical parameters of physiologically active needles to the changing environment through a compensatory mechanism. Fluctuating asymmetry indices of needles parameters were found to vary both in technogenic conditions and background ones. The variations were caused by abiotic factors of habitats and levels of technogenic loadings in these stands. Correlation analysis revealed relations between concentrations of heavy metals, aluminum and fluorine and morphological and anatomical characteristics of needles and FA indices. The most unfavorable effects were produced by high concentrations of lead and fluorine.