Karpin V. A., Petrov N. V., Tuyunen A. V. Regeneration of Forest Phytocoenoses after Various Agricultural Land Use Practices in the Conditions of Middle Taiga Subzone
How to cite: Karpin V. A., Petrov N. V., Tuyunen A. V. Regeneration of forest phytocoenoses after various agricultural land use practices in the conditions of middle taiga subzone // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Sib. J. For. Sci.). 2017. N. 6: 120–129 (in Russian with English abstract).
© Karpin V. A., Petrov N. V., Tuyunen A. V., 2017
The process of forest cover regeneration after the cessation of human impact was considered. The study area was situated in the southern part of the Kenozersky National Park, Arkhangelsk Oblast. This area has 500 years of agricultural land use history. The territory features a complete spectrum of land at some point used for agricultural production: from sites currently in active use to fully recovered tree stands aged 120–140 years. The reforestation process was considered separately for each of the following land uses: slash-and-burn, multipurpose small-patch, and arable-grassland types, which differ considerably in impact intensity, duration, and degree of disturbance of the forest environment. The course of forest regeneration successions was found to depend on the type of preceding land use. The time required for the forest communities in slash-and-burn sites to recover to their original state is 120–140 years, and the succession involves the deciduous stage. Multipurpose small-patch use left the forest environment more profoundly modified. Eventually, a majority of these sites are now occupied by more productive, although undistinguishable from the original, coniferous-deciduous stands. Some factors have been detected that may lead to the formation in such sites of low-productivity self-regenerating plant communities dominated by deciduous species, which can persist there for an indefinitely long time unless relevant actions are taken. Arable-grassland land use considerably inhibits the regeneration of the forest cover typical of middle taiga, because there forms a thick sod layer. It was only in some grassland patches, where the impact stopped 5–10 years ago, that coniferous species, namely pine, were successfully regenerating.