Fakhrutdinova V. V., Benkova V. E., Shashkin A. V. Variability of the Tree-Rings Structure of Gmelin’s Larch at Northern Tree Line (Peninsula of Taymyr)

Keywords:
northern tree line, tree rings, summer- and latewood, cell characteristics, sensitivity coefficients, climatic factors
Pages:
62–69

Abstract

How to cite: Fakhrutdinova V. V.1, Benkova V. E.2, Shashkin A. V.2 Variability of the tree-rings structure of Gmelin’s larch at northern tree line (Peninsula of Taymyr) // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Siberian Journal of Forest Science). 2017. N. 2: 6269 (in Russian with English abstract).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20170207

© Fakhrutdinova V. V., Benkova V. E., Shashkin A. V., 2017

The study of tree-ring cell structure changes as the result of tree adaptation to varying environmental conditions becomes increasingly important to predict future vegetation shifts under projected climate changes. The estimate of intrapopulation annual variability of wood anatomy characteristics is particularly informative. It helps to divide the contribution of different ecological factors to total features dispersion. In this work, a comparative analysis of individual and climatic variability of tree ring structure characteristics of Gmelin’s larch Larix gmelinii (Rupr.) growth within northernmost forest was carried out. The trees from forest-tundra boundary has greater radial growth intensity, forms the bigger conductive zone in rings with wider mean lumen area in comparison with trees from closed forest. This result can be explained by adaptive features and height ecological xylem plasticity of larch. The tree rings structure of larch from boundary with tundra is determined by largely current weather conditions. Is because these ones evince high adaptive plasticity on the level of xylem structure. The xylem reflects joint changes of climate factors and local ecological conditions. The trees from closed forest are characterized by larger individual variability. The local conditions in oldest forest (for example, bad hydrothermal soil conditions) inhibit the radial growth and sensitivity to environmental factors. In this case, the trees on individual level are tended to save the normal functioning of water-transport system. The significant differences in ratio individual to climate variability of tree ring structure characteristics can be caused by the different in the level of ecological habitat heterogeneity or the different in the level genetic within-population heterogeneity. 


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