Sizonenko T. A. Seasonal Dynamics of Structure and Functional Activity of Ectomycorrhizal Roots of the Siberian Fir

Authors:
Keywords:
ectomycorrhiza, Siberian fir, seasonal dynamics, fluorescence, morpho-anatomic structure, respiration, middle taiga, Komi Republic, Russia

Abstract

How to cite: Sizonenko T. A. Seasonal dynamics of structure and functional activity of ectomycorrhizal roots of the Siberian fir // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Sib. J. For. Sci.). 2017. N. 6: … (in Russian with English abstract).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20170609

© Sizonenko T. A., 2017

The aim of our work was to study seasonal dynamics of the Siberian fir Abies sibirica Ledeb. ectomycorrhizal morpho-anatomical structure, respiration rate and fluorescence. The study was carried out in the bilberry-sphagnum spruce forest in the middle taiga of the Komi Republic, Russia. The morpho-anatomical structure and fluorescence parameters were studied by light and luminescence microscopy. Thin root respiration was studied in intact fine roots in the field using an infrared gas analyzer. 12 subtypes of fungal mantels were revealed in ectomycorrhizal fir roots; their amount and composition demonstrated seasonal dynamic changes. At the beginning vegetation stage, the diversity and proportion of pseudoparenchymatous and double covers were maximal. Plant component of ectomycorrhizae that includes cortical parenchyma and stele had high activity of fluorescence during the entire vegetation period. The dynamics of staining of fungal component (fungal mantel and Hartig net) was more contrasting. The highest fluorescence intensity of cortical parenchyma was found in ectomycorrhizae with maximal fungal mantel thickness. High proportion of tannin cells in cortical parenchyma was related with low intensity of fungal mantel and Hartig net fluorescence. During vegetation season, maximal amount of intensively strained ectomycorrhizal elements occurred in July and unstrained – in June and August. Relation between fine roots respiration and an increase of brightly strained ectomycorrhizal structural elements in fir roots was not statistically significant. Root CO2-emission was lower in May and September in comparison with summer months. For respiration rate of fir fine roots we found its strong positive correlation with the litter temperature. 


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