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Efimov D. Yu. Organization of Vegetation Cover of Aquatic Ecosystems at Borodinskiy Opencast Coal Mine Dumps (Kansk Forest-Steppe, Eastern Siberia)

flora, vegetation, aquatic ecosystem, coal mine heap, technogenic landscapes


How to cite: Efimov D. Yu. Organization of vegetation cover of aquatic ecosystems at Borodinsky opencast coal mine dumps (Kansk forest-steppe, Eastern Siberia) // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Siberian Journal of Forest Science). 2016. N. 2: 32–42 (in Russian with English abstract).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20160203

© Efimov D. Yu., 2016   

The paper present the results of study of the floristic composition and importance of species of aquatic ecosystems on different types of technogenic surfaces of the Borodino coal mine and assessment of the impact of local factors on the structure and the dynamics of vegetation. The list of plant taxa containing 91 species of higher plants and 3 charophytes. The largest amount of macrophytes species are Elodea canadensis Michx., Eleocharis palustris (L.) Roem. & Schult., Hydrocharis morsus-ranae L., Potamogeton alpinus Balb., P. perfoliatus L., Sparganium emersum Rehm., Spirodela polyrhiza (L.) Schleid., Typha latifolia L., Warnstorfia fluitans (Hedw.) Loeske, Chara contraria A. Braun ex Kutz., the basis (up to 67.6‒70.9 %) of vegetation mosaic of aquatic systems and differentiate its structure posttechnogenic landscape. Sorensen index (QS = 0.63‒0.71) and Spearman rank correlation coefficient (rs = 0.29‒0.62, p < 0.01) values showed the greatest similarity between the species composition of the aquatic complexes arising on mineral surfaces planned dumps. The low level of similarity (QS = 0.13‒0.45; rs = 0.25‒0.34, p < 0.05) in species composition is typical fir ponds and wetlands formed around the perimeter of the heaps along the erosion of slopes. Non-parametric analysis of variance showed a statistically significant (p < 0.001) differentiation of the species composition of the variables values of the analyzed environmental factors: the direction of reclamation, type and age of geomorphic surfaces dumps. Aquatic complexes significantly complement and enrich the mosaic of man-made landscape of the Borodino coal mine, the potential of their diversity should be taken into account when developing plans and strategies for reclamation of disturbed areas.

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