Shuvaev D. N., Kalchenko L. I. Identification of Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref s. l. Pestholes in Altai Krai by the Methods of DNA-Analysis
Russian Centre for Forest Protection, Centre for Forest Protection of Altai Krai
Proletarskaya str., 61, Barnaul, 656056 Russian Federation
How to cite: Shuvaev D. N., Kalchenko L. I. Identification of Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref s. l. pestholes in Altai Krai by the methods of DNA-analysis // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Siberian Journal of Forest Science). 2016. N. 5: 147–152 (in Russian with English abstract).
© Shuvaev D. N., Kalchenko L. I., 2016
In this work was tested method of DNA-diagnostic for identification and further localization of pest holes of Heterobasidion annosum (Fr.) Bref S. L. Heterobasidion annosum is dangerous enemy for coniferous trees because they have no effective natural resistance against this pathogen. Therefore it can easily spread in stand and be the cause of its death. The most aggressive and rate of spreading of pathogen require appropriate events for identifying and mapping of infectious holes. Identification of H. annosum by fruit bodies is usually difficult because of the rarity of their formation. Furthermore, this method cannot allow determination of the hidden infectious borders in the dying stand. For example, in the clone bank of Pinus sylvestris from Ozersky forestry during long time attempts to determine causes of trees' death were unsuccessful because fruit bodies weren't found there and the experiments for induction of fruit bodies also yielded nothing. We have applied the method of DNA-analysis and identified that the cause of trees' death was H. annosum. The rapidity and accuracy are advantages of DNA-diagnosis while the conventional methods are time-consuming. However, DNA-markers aren't a panacea without a complete description of the stand infected by pathogen and the events aimed against it. This is a preliminary study where we wanted to demonstrate applicability of the method and began the first stage for further detail localization of pestholes.