Page menu:

Baranchikov Yu. N. Interaction of Science and Practice in the Protection of Taiga Forests of Krasnoyarsk Krai: the Outbreak of the Siberian Moth in the Late 1960s

Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschetv., forest protection, aviation chemical fighting


UDC 634.0.45:595:787(571.51)

How to cite: Baranchikov Yu. N. Interaction of science and practice in the protection of taiga forests of Krasnoyarsk Krai: the outbreak of the Siberian moth in the late 1960s // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Sib. J. For. Sci.). 2021. N. 5. P. 92–100 (in Russian with English abstract and references).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20210510

© Baranchikov Yu. N., 2021

The first note about the outbreaks of the Siberian moth Dendrolimus sibiricus Tschtvrk. (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae) was published 125 years ago. The pest outbreaks of the 1950s and 1960s are poorly documented in Krasnoyarsk Krai. For the first time we provide the details of planning, organizing and implementing large-scale measures to combat the Siberian moth outbreak in the second half of the 1960s. The outbreaks that occurred in the southern taiga forests of the region covered an area of 260 thousand hectares. The maximal insect density reached 7 thousand caterpillars per one fir tree. The outbreak was successfully suppressed thanks to its early prediction, development and implementation of surveillance methods, as well as methods of aerial treatment and assessment of efficiency of protection measures. In 1967–1969, the crews of 45 An-2 aircraft during 2.5 thousand flight hours treated more than 200 thousand hectares of the pest foci with the dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and hexachlorocyclohexane solution. Over 1,100 people took part in the aeronautical work, including about 250 engineers and technicians. During the 1960s outbreak, the total labor costs for airborne combat with the Siberian moth exceeded 22.000 man-days. To control the Siberian moth, for the first time, high concentration of the insecticide was used, i. e. 20 % oil solution of DDT + hexachlorocyclohexane, with ultra-low consumption rates of working solutions (from 3 to 5 l/ha). The Siberian moth outbreak that occurred on in Krasnoyarsk Territory in the mid-1960s clearly demonstrated high importance of cooperation between scientists and forest protection practitioners. The joint work contributed to the initiation of a specialized institution – the Station (later the Center) of forest protection of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, which leaders in different years were the researches from the V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest Sib. Br. Rus. Acad. Sci.



Александрова М. В Красноярском крае завершилась обработка лесных участков, пораженных сибирским шелкопрядом // ЛПК Сибири. 2017. № 2. С. 7–10 [Alexandrova M. V Krasnoyarskom krae zavershilas' obrabotka lesnykh uchastkov, porazhennykh sibirskim shelkopryadom (In Krasnoyarsk Krai, the processing of forest areas affected by the Siberian moth has been completed) // LPK Sibiri. 2017. N. 2. P. 7–10 (in Russian)].

Аноним. О повреждении лесов гусеницами в Иркутской губернии // Лесн. журн. Изд. лесн. об-ва в Санкт-Петербурге. 1869а. Т. 26. Вып. 1. С. 196–197 [Anonymous. O povrezhdenii lesov gusenitsami v Irkutskoy gubernii (On forest damage by caterpillars in Irkutsk province) // Lesn. zhurn. (For. J.). Publ. For. Soc. St. Petersburg. 1869a. V. 26. N. 1. P. 196–197 (in Russian)].

Аноним. Сосновый шелкопряд в лесах Иркутской губернии // Лесн. журн. Изд. лесн. об-ва в Санкт-Петербурге. 1896б. Т. 26. Вып. 3. С. 764 [Anonymous. Sosnovy shelkopryad v lesakh Irkutskoy gubernii (Pine silkworm in the forests of Irkutsk province) // Lesn. zhurn. (For. J.). Publ. For. Soc. St. Petersburg. 1896b. V. 26. N. 3. P. 764 (in Russian)].

Баранчиков Ю. Н., Кондаков Ю. П., Петренко Е. С. Катастрофические вспышки массового размножения сибирского шелкопряда. // Безопасность России. Региональные проблемы безопасности. Красноярский край. М.: МГФ «Знание», 2001. С. 146–167 [Baranchikov Yu. N., Kondakov Yu. P., Petrenko E. S. Katastroficheskie vspyshki massovogo razmnozheniya sibirskogo shelkopryada (Catastrophic outbreaks of the Siberian silkworm) // Bezopasnost' Rossii. Regional'nye problemy bezopasnosti. Krasnoyarskiy kray (Security of Russia. Regional problems of security. Krasnoyarsk Krai). Moscow: MGF «Znanie», 2001. P. 146–167 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П. Сибирский шелкопряд в лесах Красноярского края // Защита лесов от вредителей и болезней. М., 1963. С. 82–84 [Kondakov Yu. P. Sibirskiy shelkopryad v lesakh Krasnoyarskogo kraya (Siberian moth in the forests of Krasnoyarsk Krai) // Zashchita lesov ot vrediteley i bolezney (Protection of forests from pests and diseases). Moscow, 1963. P. 82–84 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П. Численные методы прогнозов массового размножения сибирского шелкопряда // Мат-лы конф. по изучению лесов Сибири. Красноярск, 1965. С. 72–78 [Kondakov Yu. P. Chislennye metody prognozov massovogo razmnozheniya sibirskogo shelkopryada (Numerical methods for forecasting the mass breeding of the Siberian silkworm) // Mat-ly konf. po izucheniyu lesov Sibiri (Proc. Conf. Study Forests of Siberia). Krasnoyarsk, 1965. P. 72–78 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П. Долгосрочный прогноз массового размножения сибирского шелкопряда // Лесн. хоз-во. 1967. № 7. С. 69–71 [Kondakov Yu. P. Dolgosrochny prognoz massovogo razmnozheniya sibirskogo shelkopryada (Long-term forecast of mass reproduction of the Siberian moth) // Lesn. khoz-vo (Forestry). 1967. N. 7. P. 69–71 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П. Закономерности массовых размножений сибирского шелкопряда. // Экология популяций лесных животных Сибири. Новосибирск: Наука. Сиб. отд-ние, 1974. С. 206–265 [Kondakov Yu. P. Zakonomernosti massovykh razmnozheniy sibirskogo shelkopryada (Regularities of mass reproduction of the Siberian moth) // Ekologiya populyatsiy lesnykh zhivotnykh Sibiri. Novosibirsk: Nauka (Science). Sib. Br., 1974. P. 206–265 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П. Массовые размножения сибирского шелкопряда в лесах Красноярского края // Энтомол. иссл. в Сибири. Вып. 2. Красноярск: КФ РЭО, 2002. С. 25–74 [Kondakov Yu. P. Massovye razmnozheniya sibirskogo shelkopryada v lesakh Krasnoyarskogo kraya (Siberian moth outbreaks in the forests of Krasnoyarsk Krai) // Entomol. issl. v Sibiri (Entomol. studies in Siberia). Vyp. 2 (Iss. 2). Krasnoyarsk: KF REO (Krasnoyarsk Br. Rus. Entomol. Soc.), 2002. P. 25–74 (in Russian)].

Кондаков Ю. П., Исаев А. С., Гукасян А. Б., Петренко Е. С. Интегрированная защита таёжных лесов Сибири. М., 1972. 5 с. [Kondakov Yu. P., Isaev A. S., Gukasyan A. B., Petrenko E. S. Integrirovannaya zashchita taezhnykh lesov Sibiri (Integrated protection of the taiga forests of Siberia). Moscow, 1972. 5 p. (in Russian)].

Прозоров С. С., Закревский Д. Ф. Вредители и болезни леса, их учет и борьба с ними. Краснояр. краев. кн. изд-во: Красноярск, 1939. 131 с. [Prozorov S. S., Zakrevskiy D. F. Vrediteli i bolezni lesa, ikh uchet i bor'ba s nimi (Forest pests and diseases, their sampling and control). Krasnoyar. kraev. kn. izd-vo (Krasnoyarsk Krai book publ.): Krasnoyarsk, 1939. 131 p. (in Russian)].

Четвериков С. С. Фауна и биология чешуекрылых. Новосибирск: Наука. Сиб. отд-ние, 1984. 102 с. [Chetverikov S. S. Fauna i biologiya cheshuyekrylykh (Fauna and biology of Lepidoptera). Novosibirsk: Nauka (Science). Sib. otd-nie (Sib. Br.), 1984. 102 p. (in Russian)].

Сhetverikov S. S. Dendrolimus laricis Tschtv, sp. n., ein neuer schadlicher Spinner Ruslands // Soc. Entomol. 1903. V. 23. N. 12. P. 89–90.

Сhetverikov S. S. Noch einmal uber Dendrolimus pini L., D. segregatus Butl. und D. sibiricus Tschetv nom. nov (laricis Tschetv.) // Рус. энтомол. обозрение. 1908. Т. 8. С. 1–7 (на нем. языке). 

Return to list