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Shapchenkova O. A., Loskutov S. R., Plyashechnik M. A., Pásztory Z. Thermal Analysis and Pyrolysis–Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry of Fossil Wood from the Locality of Bükkábrány, Hungary

Keywords:
thermogravimetry, differential scanning calorimetry, analytical pyrolysis, evaluation of chemical composition alterations of fossil wood, bald cypress (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.), western Hungary

Abstract

UDC 630*813

How to cite: Shapchenkova O. A.1, Loskutov S. R.1, Plyashechnik M. A.1, Pásztory Z.2 Thermal analysis and pyrolysis–gas chromatography/mass spectrometry of fossil wood from the locality of Bükkábrány, Hungary // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Sib. J. For. Sci.). 2022. N. 5. P. … (in English with Russian abstract).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20220505

Ó Shapchenkova O. A., Loskutov S. R., Plyashechnik M. A., Pásztory Z., 2022

Fossil wood that is ca 7 million years old from Bükkábrány (Hungary) was analyzed by thermogravimetry (TG), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py–GC/MS) to evaluate alterations of its chemical composition. A wood sample of bald cypress (Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.) from western Hungary was taken as a reference. The fossil wood was characterized by higher contents of total carbon (58.05 %) and total nitrogen (0.44 %) compared to recent wood. TG of fossil wood showed a high heterogeneity of wood substance, significant loss of polysaccharides and enrichment by lignin including more thermally stable components (> 500 °C). The enthalpy change (∆H) of combustion (thermo-oxidation) for fossil wood was significantly higher than for recent wood (–18.17 kJ/g vs. –11.41 kJ/g). Py–GC/MS analysis of fossil wood showed a significant depletion of polysaccharide pyrolysis products and an increase in lignin pyrolysis products compared to recent wood. The pyrolytic H/L ratio indicates a preferential loss of polysaccharides in fossil wood. Polysaccharide pyrolysis products were rare and represented mainly by levoglucosan. Lignin also underwent substantial changes. A dramatic decrease in monomers, an increase in short side chain compounds and the presence of demethylated/demethoxylated compounds in the composition of lignin pyrolysis products are indicative of lignin alteration (degradation). Moreover a high abundance of styrene, cresols, phenol and phenolic compounds was observed.

Article


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