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Neklyaev S. E., Lipatkin V. A. The Initial Stage of Formation of the Forest Protection Science in Russia

forest entomology, corps of foresters, forest phytopathology, history of forest protection, history of forestry


UDC 632.911+632.915

How to cite: Neklyaev S. E.1, Lipatkin V. A.2 The initial stage of formation of the forest protection science in Russia // Sibirskij Lesnoj Zurnal (Sib. J. For. Sci.). 2023. N. 1. P. 10–28 (in Russian with English abstract and references).

DOI: 10.15372/SJFS20230103

© Neklyaev S. E., Lipatkin V. A., 2023

Dedicated to the blessed memory of Doctor of Agricultural Sciences V. Ya. Kuramshin

Forest protection, being a practically oriented discipline of forestry, has a rich and interesting history. The first attempts to describe forest pests and measures to control them were made in the work of F .G. Fokel «Collection of Forest Science», published in 1752. «Manual for Officers of the Corps of Foresters «Forest protection»» published in 1843 by V. S. Semenov can be considered the starting point of forest protection. The tenth chapter of the work became the first instruction in Russia on the identification of harmful organisms. In 1843–1845, the Department of Ship Forests issued a «Forest Dictionary» prepared under the guidance of V. E. Wrangel. The dictionary contains a description of 76 pest species and more than 20 species of entomophages, and also describes the causes of diseases for the first time. In 1869, the «Reference book on foresters. Part 1» by A. F. Rudzkiy was published, it includes a significant section on forest protection from pests. The first specialized manual was published in 1872 – «Forest Protection» by N. S. Shafranov. This book discussed in details the causes of the insect pests outbreaks, as well as technologies to reduce their impact. Also, for the first time, attention was paid to reducing the marketable value of wood, issues of its subsequent sale, as well as the mechanisms of trees weakening and dieback. In 1875, the second edition of «Forest Protection» was published, in which a separate part was devoted to fungi that cause diseases and rot of trees. The book of N. S. Shafranov was based on the studies of G. A. de Bari, G. M. Wilkomma, and R. Hartig. In 1880 P. V. Baranetskiy published a handbook for forest owners, foresters and students of the forest protection courses. This book has set a bases for contemporary system of forest pathology.



Баранецкий П. В. Лесоохранение. СПб.: Типогр. А. В. Суворина, 1880. 310 с. [Baranetskiy P B. Lesookhranenie (Forest protection). St. Petersburg: Printing House of A. V. Suvorin, 1880. 310 p. (in Russian)].

Никольский А., Врангель В. Е., Нольде Е., Кленке А. Лесной словарь. СПб.: Привилегированная типогр. Фишера, 1843-1845. Т. 1. 646 с.; Т. 2. 731 с.; Т. 3. 777 с.; Т. 4. 97 с. [Nikol’skiy A., Vrangel’ V. E., Nol’de E., Klenke A. Lesnoy slovar’ (Forest dictionary). St. Petersburg: Privileged printing house of Fisher, 1843-1845. V. 1. 646 p.; V. 2. 731 p.; V. 3. 777 p.; V. 4. 97 p. (in Russian)].

Рудзкий А. Ф. Справочная книга по лесоводству. Ч. 1. СПб.: Типогр. Якова Трея, 1869. 195 c. [Rudzkiy A. F. Spravochnaya kniga po lesovodstvy. Chast 1. (Forestry Reference Book. Part 1). St. Petersburg: Printing House of Yacob Trey, 1869. 195 p. (in Russian)].

Семенов В. С. Лесоохранение. Руководство для офицеров Корпуса лесничих. СПб.: Типогр. Мин-ва гос. имуществ, 1843. 51 c. [Semenov V. S. Lesookhranenie. Rukovodstvo dlay Korpusa lesnichikh (Forest protection. Field Manual for the Corps of Foresters’) St. Petersburg: Printing House of the Ministries of State Property’s, 1843. 51 p. (in Russian)].

Собичевский В. Т. Современное состояние растительной патологии лесных деревьев и значение растительных паразитов – грибков при возвращении леса // Лесн. журн. 1875. Вып. 4–6 [Sobichevskiy V. T. Sovremennoe sostoyanie rastitel’noy patologii lesnykh derev’ev i znachenie rastitel’nykh parasitov – gribkov pri vozvrashenii lesa (The current state of plant pathology of forest trees and the importance of plant parasites – fungi in forest cultivation) // Lesn. Zhurn. (For. J.). 1875. Iss. 4–6 (in Russian)].

Фокель Ф. Г. Собрание лесной науки. Ч. 1. Описание естественного состояния растущих в северных российских странах лесов с различными применениями и наставлениями, как оныя разводить. СПб.; Архангельск: Сев.-Зап. кн. изд-во, 1996. 207 c.

Шафранов Н. С. Лесоохранение. СПб.: Типогр. Майкова, 1872. 225 c. [Shafranov N. S. Lesookhranenie (Forest protection). St. Petersburg, Maykov’s Publ., 1872. 225 p. (in Russian)].

Шафранов Н. С. Лесоохранение. СПб.: Изд. А. Ф. Девриена, 1876. 280 c. [Shafranov N. S. Lesookhranenie (Forest protection). St. Petersburg: A. F. Devrien Publ., 1876. 280 p. (in Russian)].

Haller E. Phytopathologie. Die Krankheiten der Сulturgewächse fur land- und forstwirthe, gartner und botaniker (Diseases of cultivated plants). Leipzig: Verlag von Wilhelm Engelmann, 1868. 373 p. (in German).

Hartig R. Wichtige Krankheiten Waldbäume (Diseases of forest trees). Berlin: Verlag von Julius Springer,1874. 127 p. (in German).

Henschel G. H. Leitfaden zur Bestimmung der schädlichen Forst- und Obstbaum-Insekten nebst Angabe der Lebensweise, Vorbauung und Vertilgung: für Forstleute, Ökonomen, Gärtner (A guide to the determination of harmful forest and fruit tree insects, along with an indication of the way of life, predation and extermination: for foresters, economists, gardeners). Wien: Wilhelm BrauMüller, 1861. 70 p. (in German).

Hess R. A. Der Forstschutz (Forest protection). Leipzig: B. G. Teubner, 1876. 608 p. (in German).

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Die Forst-Insecten (The forest insects). Berlin: Nicolaeshe Buchhandlund, 1839. 249 p. (in German).

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Die Waldverderbnis oder dauernder Schade welcher durch Insektenfrass, Schälen, Schlagen und Verbeissen an lebenden Waldbäumen entsteht» (Forest spoilage or permanent damage by insects, peeling, bumps and bites of living forest trees). B. 1-2. Berlin: Nicolaeshe Verlags Buchhandlund, 1866-1868. 298 p.; 464 p. (in German).

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Waldverderber und ihre Feinde (Forest pest and their enemies). Berlin: Nicolaeshe Buchhandlund, 1842. 136 p. (in German).

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Waldverderber und ihre Feinde (Forest pest and their enemies). Berlin: Nicolaeshe Buchhandlund, 1856. 120 p. (in German)

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Waldverderber und ihre Feinde (Forest pest and their enemies). Berlin: Nicolaeshe Buchhandlund, 1860. 345 p. (in German).

Ratzeburg J. T. C. Waldverderber und ihre Feinde (Forest pest and their enemies). Berlin: Nicolaeshe Verlags-Buchhandlund, 1876. 524 p. (in German).

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